基于alpine构建nginx基础镜像

2019-08-19

准备好默认配置文件nginx.conf和Dockerfile文件

nginx.conf

user  nginx;
worker_processes  1;
error_log  /nginx/logs/error.log warn;
pid        /nginx/run/nginx.pid;
events {
    worker_connections  10240;
}
http {
    include       /nginx/etc/mime.types;
    default_type  application/octet-stream;
 
    log_format  main  '$remote_addr - $remote_user [$time_local] "$request" '
                      '$status $body_bytes_sent "$http_referer" '
                      '"$http_user_agent" "$http_x_forwarded_for"';
 
    access_log  /nginx/logs/access.log  main;
 
    sendfile        on;
    #tcp_nopush     on;
 
    keepalive_timeout  65;
 
    #gzip  on;
 
    include /nginx/etc/conf.d/*.conf;
}

Dockerfile

# 基础镜像
FROM alpine
 
# 作者信息
MAINTAINER NGINX Docker Maintainers "renzhenxin@hhotel.com"
 
# 修改源
RUN echo "http://mirrors.aliyun.com/alpine/latest-stable/main/" > /etc/apk/repositories && \
    echo "http://mirrors.aliyun.com/alpine/latest-stable/community/" >> /etc/apk/repositories
 
# 安装需要的软件
RUN apk update && \
    apk add --no-cache ca-certificates && \
    apk add --no-cache curl bash tree tzdata && \
    cp -rf /usr/share/zoneinfo/Asia/Shanghai /etc/localtime
 
# 设置变量 
ENV NGINX_VERSION 1.16.1
 
# 编译安装nginx
RUN GPG_KEYS=B0F4253373F8F6F510D42178520A9993A1C052F8 \
    && CONFIG="\
        --prefix=/nginx/etc/ \
        --sbin-path=/usr/sbin/nginx \
        --modules-path=/usr/lib/nginx/modules \
        --conf-path=/nginx/etc/nginx.conf \
        --error-log-path=/nginx/logs/error.log \
        --http-log-path=/nginx/logs/access.log \
        --pid-path=/nginx/run/nginx.pid \
        --lock-path=/nginx/run/nginx.lock \
        --http-client-body-temp-path=/nginx/cache/nginx/client_temp \
        --http-proxy-temp-path=/nginx/cache/nginx/proxy_temp \
        --http-fastcgi-temp-path=/nginx/cache/nginx/fastcgi_temp \
        --http-uwsgi-temp-path=/nginx/cache/nginx/uwsgi_temp \
        --http-scgi-temp-path=/nginx/cache/nginx/scgi_temp \
        --user=nginx \
        --group=nginx \
        --with-http_ssl_module \
        --with-http_realip_module \
        --with-http_addition_module \
        --with-http_sub_module \
        --with-http_dav_module \
        --with-http_flv_module \
        --with-http_mp4_module \
        --with-http_gunzip_module \
        --with-http_gzip_static_module \
        --with-http_random_index_module \
        --with-http_secure_link_module \
        --with-http_stub_status_module \
        --with-http_auth_request_module \
        --with-http_xslt_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_image_filter_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-threads \
        --with-stream \
        --with-stream_ssl_module \
        --with-stream_ssl_preread_module \
        --with-stream_realip_module \
        --with-stream_geoip_module=dynamic \
        --with-http_slice_module \
        --with-mail \
        --with-mail_ssl_module \
        --with-compat \
        --with-file-aio \
        --with-http_v2_module \
    " \
    && addgroup -S nginx \
    && adduser -D -S -h /nginx/cache/nginx -s /sbin/nologin -G nginx nginx \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .build-deps \
        gcc \
        libc-dev \
        make \
        openssl-dev \
        pcre-dev \
        zlib-dev \
        linux-headers \
        curl \
        gnupg \
        libxslt-dev \
        gd-dev \
        geoip-dev \
    && curl -fSL http://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz -o nginx.tar.gz \
    && curl -fSL http://nginx.org/download/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION.tar.gz.asc  -o nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && export GNUPGHOME="$(mktemp -d)" \
    && found=''; \
    for server in \
        ha.pool.sks-keyservers.net \
        hkp://keyserver.ubuntu.com:80 \
        hkp://p80.pool.sks-keyservers.net:80 \
        pgp.mit.edu \
    ; do \
        echo "Fetching GPG key $GPG_KEYS from $server"; \
        gpg --keyserver "$server" --keyserver-options timeout=10 --recv-keys "$GPG_KEYS" && found=yes && break; \
    done; \
    test -z "$found" && echo >&2 "error: failed to fetch GPG key $GPG_KEYS" && exit 1; \
    gpg --batch --verify nginx.tar.gz.asc nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm -r "$GNUPGHOME" nginx.tar.gz.asc \
    && mkdir -p /usr/src \
    && tar -zxC /usr/src -f nginx.tar.gz \
    && rm nginx.tar.gz \
    && cd /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    && ./configure $CONFIG --with-debug \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && mv objs/nginx objs/nginx-debug \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module.so objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_http_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && mv objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module.so objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ./configure $CONFIG \
    && make -j$(getconf _NPROCESSORS_ONLN) \
    && make install \
    && mkdir -p /nginx/cache/nginx/{client_temp,proxy_temp,fastcgi_temp,uwsgi_temp,scgi_temp} \
    && rm -rf /nginx/etc/html/ \
    && mkdir /nginx/etc/conf.d/ \
    && mkdir -p /nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/index.html /nginx/html/ \
    && install -m644 html/50x.html /nginx/html/ \
    && install -m755 objs/nginx-debug /usr/sbin/nginx-debug \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_xslt_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_image_filter_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_http_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && install -m755 objs/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so /usr/lib/nginx/modules/ngx_stream_geoip_module-debug.so \
    && ln -s ../../usr/lib/nginx/modules /nginx/etc/modules \
    && strip /usr/sbin/nginx* \
    && strip /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so \
    && rm -rf /usr/src/nginx-$NGINX_VERSION \
    \
    # Bring in gettext so we can get `envsubst`, then throw
    # the rest away. To do this, we need to install `gettext`
    # then move `envsubst` out of the way so `gettext` can
    # be deleted completely, then move `envsubst` back.
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .gettext gettext \
    && mv /usr/bin/envsubst /tmp/ \
    \
    && runDeps="$( \
        scanelf --needed --nobanner /usr/sbin/nginx /usr/lib/nginx/modules/*.so /tmp/envsubst \
            | awk '{ gsub(/,/, "\nso:", $2); print "so:" $2 }' \
            | sort -u \
            | xargs -r apk info --installed \
            | sort -u \
    )" \
    && apk add --no-cache --virtual .nginx-rundeps $runDeps \
    && apk del .build-deps \
    && apk del .gettext \
    && mv /tmp/envsubst /usr/local/bin/ \
    \
    # forward request and error logs to docker log collector
    && ln -sf /dev/stdout /nginx/logs/access.log \
    && ln -sf /dev/stderr /nginx/logs/error.log 
 
# 将目录下的文件copy到镜像中
COPY nginx.conf /nginx/etc/nginx.conf
 
# 开放80端口
EXPOSE 80
 
STOPSIGNAL SIGTERM
 
# 启动nginx命令
CMD ["nginx", "-g", "daemon off;"]

构建镜像

docker build -t registry.hhotel.com/nginx/nginx:1.16.1 .
docker push registry.hhotel.com/nginx/nginx:1.16.1


标题:基于alpine构建nginx基础镜像
作者:fish2018
地址:http://www.devopser.org/articles/2019/08/19/1566219885524.html

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